Download Xcode From Terminal

Developers need to install Xcode Command Line Tools before they can develop software on a Mac.

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The latest stable version of Xcode is Xcode 12.5.1. If you are programming applications for unreleased Apple operating systems, such as iOS 15 and macOS 12 Monterey, you can make use of Xcode 13 Beta. Yes, this IDE software is available for download completely free of charge. How to get Xcode for Windows. This site is currently in read-only mode; we'll return with full functionality soon. Follow @StackStatus or visit our status blog for more info.

Apple provides a complete development environment for programmers named Xcode. If you are developing software for macOS, iOS, tvOS, and watchOS, you must install the full Xcode application.

Download Xcode From Terminal
  • If you go to terminal and type the below command and hit enter: xcode-select -print-path the installation path will be displayed. In my Mac it is /Applications.
  • Here’s how you can download and install via the Mac App Store: Make sure you’re logged into macOS with your Apple ID. Open the Mac App Store app. Search for “xcode” in the search field, at the top-left. Click on the Xcode app item that appears. Click on the Get or Install buttom at the top-right to download and install Xcode.
  • Scroll down to Xcode 7.3.1 and click the + sign. Open Google Chrome's Developer Tools (altcmdI) Network panel; Click on Xcode 7.3.1.dmg to start the Xcode download; Right-click Xcode 7.3.1.dmg in the network panel Copy as cURL. Stop the Xcode 7.3.1.dmg download on Google Chrome's Downloads page or in the status bar.

It's not pre-installed, but you can install it from the Apple developer website or the App Store on your Mac.

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What are Xcode Command Line Tools?

If you're not developing software for an Apple device, you won't need the full Xcode application (it requires over 40GB of disk space!).

Download Xcode From Terminal

Instead, you'll install Xcode Command Line Tools. It's a smaller package for software developers with tools that run on the command line, that is, in the Terminal application.

Programmers have used these tools on Unix operating systems since computing's beginnings, and they serve as the foundation of almost all software development.

Luckily, the Xcode Command Line Tools package only requires 1.2GB of space on your disk.

You have three choices to install Xcode Command Line Tools on a Mac:

  • install the full Xcode package
  • install Xcode Command Line Tools when triggered by a command
  • install Xcode Command Line Tools as part of a Homebrew installation.

I don't recommend installing the full Xcode package unless you're developing software for an Apple device. The download will take too long and it will consume unnecessary disk space. Instead, try either of two faster methods.

How to Install Xcode Command Line Tools from a Command Prompt

Apple has made it easy to install Xcode Command Line Tools because certain commands will prompt you to begin installation.

Here are examples of commands that will trigger a prompt to install Xcode Command Line Tools:

  • clang – a compiler that turns source code into an executable program
  • gcc – the GNU compiler
  • git – the save-as-you-go version control system

Running any of these commands in the terminal will bring up a prompt to install Xcode Command Line Tools. I've written elsewhere about How to Open Terminal on MacOS – just click the Spotlight icon in the menu bar and type “terminal.”

You can also enter the command xcode-select --install in the terminal to begin the installation process. You'll see a panel that asks you to install Xcode Command Line Tools.

Xcode

Click 'Install' to begin the download and installation process.

Installation takes 8 minutes on a 2021 Mac M1 Mini, with a 100Mbps Internet connection. It's significantly slower on Mac Intel over a slow Internet connection.

From

You'll see a confirmation message when installation is complete.

Verify that you've successfully installed Xcode Command Line Tools:

Download Xcode From Terminal

You should see the following:

How to Use Homebrew to Install Xcode Command Line Tools

As easy as it is to use the command prompt to install Xcode Command Line Tools, I recommend an even easier method: using Homebrew.

This option was only recently added to Homebrew, so many developers are not aware of it.

Homebrew is the popular Mac package manager. Most developers need programming languages and utilities that don't come installed on macOS and are not included in the Xcode Command Line Tools package. Homebrew can install almost any open-source tool for developers.

Since you'll probably need Homebrew, you might as well let Homebrew install Xcode Command Line Tools for you.

First, check if Homebrew is already installed.

If Homebrew is not installed, you will see:

Homebrew provides an installation script you can run with a single command (check that it hasn't changed at the Homebrew site).

Download Xcode Via Terminal

The Homebrew installation script will ask you to enter your Mac user password. This is the password you use to sign in to your Mac.

You won't see the characters as you type. Press enter when you are done.

If you haven't already installed Xcode Command Line Tools, you'll see a message that 'The Xcode Command Line Tools will be installed.' Press return to continue when prompted by the Homebrew installation script.

You’ll see diagnostic and progress messages. Homebrew installation takes 2 to 15 minutes on a 2021 Mac M1 Mini, with a 100Mbps Internet connection. It's significantly slower on Mac Intel over a slow Internet connection.

On Mac Intel machines, that's all you need to do – Homebrew is ready to use. On Mac Intel, Homebrew installs itself into the /usr/local/bin directory, which is already configured for access by the shell with the macOS default $PATH.

On Apple Silicon machines, there's one more step. Homebrew files are installed into the /opt/homebrew folder. But the folder is not part of the default $PATH. Follow Homebrew's advice and create a ~/.zprofile file that contains a command which sets up Homebrew. Homebrew shows instructions at the end of the installation process:

After you've installed Homebrew, check that Homebrew is installed properly.

You should see this:

If Homebrew is successfully installed, there will be Homebrew files in /usr/local (for macOS Intel) or /opt/homebrew (for Apple Silicon).

Now you have both Xcode Command Line Tools and Homebrew installed. If you want to learn more about adding Homebrew packages to set up your development environment, see Install a Homebrew Package.

More information

I've written an in-depth guide to Install Xcode Command Line Tools that goes beyond these basics.

In the guide, I explain how to check if Xcode Command Line Tools Are Already Installed. I go into more detail about how to Install Xcode Command Line Tools with Homebrew. Finally, I explain how to Uninstall Xcode Command Line Tools, Reinstall Xcode Command Line Tools, and provide a List of Xcode Command Line Tools that you can use.

There's also a complete guide to Install Homebrew for Mac that explains how to Update Homebrew, Uninstall Homebrew, and keep up with other Housekeeping for Homebrew.

Your development environment

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MacOS is the most popular platform for software development because the operating system is based on Unix, the longtime standard for software development.

With Xcode Command Line Tools installed, you'll have a solid foundation for adding almost any open source development tool.

Add Homebrew and you have a package manager that can install version managers, programming languages, and almost any other tool you may need.

Combined with a text editor and terminal application, you'll be prepared for any tutorial you'll find on freeCodeCamp.

Xcode is a complete developer toolset for creating apps for Mac, iPhone, iPad, Apple Watch, and Apple TV. Xcode brings user interface design, coding, testing, debugging, and submitting to the App Store into a unified workflow.

Downloading and updating Xcode

The current release of Xcode is available as a free download from the Mac App Store. The Mac App Store will notify you when an update is available or you can have macOS update automatically as it becomes available.

The latest beta version and previous versions of Xcode can be downloaded from the Downloads page. To download Xcode, simply sign in with your Apple ID.Apple Developer Program membership is not required.

Download Xcode From Terminal

Using Xcode

Get step-by-step guidance on how to use Xcode to build, test, and submit apps to the App Store.

Submitting apps to the App Store using Xcode

Xcode provides an integrated workflow for Apple Developer Program members to prepare and submit apps to the App Store. Use the latest version of Xcode available on the Mac App Store to submit your apps or, when available, the latest Release Candidate from the Downloads page.

Don't submit apps built using beta software, as beta versions of Xcode, Operating Systems, and SDKs are for development and testing only.

Learning about changes to Xcode

To learn about the latest features and capabilities in Xcode, see What’s New in Xcode. For update details in the latest released versions, including each beta release, see the Xcode Release Notes.

Minimum requirements and supported SDKs

Xcode VersionMinimum OS RequiredSDKArchitectureDeployment TargetsSimulatorSwift
Xcode 13macOS Big Sur 11.3iOS 15
macOS 11.3
tvOS 15
watchOS 8
DriverKit 20.4
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 9-15
iPadOS 13-15
macOS 10.9-11.3
tvOS 9-15
watchOS 2-8
DriverKit 19-20.4
iOS 10.3.1-15
tvOS 10.2-15
watchOS 3.2-8
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.5
Xcode 13 betamacOS Big Sur 11.3iOS 15
macOS 12
tvOS 15
watchOS 8
DriverKit 21
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 9-15
iPadOS 13-15
macOS 10.9-12
tvOS 9-15
watchOS 2-8
DriverKit 19-21
iOS 10.3.1-15
tvOS 10.2-15
watchOS 3.2-8
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.5
Xcode 12.5.1macOS Big Sur 11iOS 14.5
macOS 11.3
tvOS 14.5
watchOS 7.4
DriverKit 20.4
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 9-14.7
iPadOS 13-14.7
macOS 10.9-11.5
tvOS 9-14.7
watchOS 2-7.6
DriverKit 19-20.4
iOS 10.3.1-14.5
tvOS 10.2-14.5
watchOS 3.2-7.4
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.4
Xcode 12.5macOS Big Sur 11iOS 14.5
macOS 11.3
tvOS 14.5
watchOS 7.4
DriverKit 20.4
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 9-14.6
iPadOS 13-14.6
macOS 10.9-11.4
tvOS 9-14.6
watchOS 2-7.5
DriverKit 19-20.4
iOS 10.3.1-14.5
tvOS 10.2-14.5
watchOS 3.2-7.4
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.4
Xcode 12.4macOS Catalina 10.15.4 (Intel-based Mac)
macOS Big Sur 11
(Apple silicon Mac)
iOS 14.4
macOS 11.1
tvOS 14.3
watchOS 7.2
DriverKit 20.2
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 9-14.4
iPadOS 13-14.4
macOS 10.9-11.1
tvOS 9-14.3
watchOS 2-7.2
DriverKit 19-20.2
iOS 10.3.1-14.4
tvOS 10.2-14.3
watchOS 3.2-7.2
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.3
Xcode 12.3macOS Catalina 10.15.4 (Intel-based Mac)
macOS Big Sur 11
(Apple silicon Mac)
iOS 14.3
macOS 11.1
tvOS 14.3
watchOS 7.2
DriverKit 20.2
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 9-14.3
iPadOS 13-14.3
macOS 10.9-11.1
tvOS 9-14.3
watchOS 2-7.2
DriverKit 19-20.2
iOS 10.3.1-14.3
tvOS 10.2-14.3
watchOS 3.2-7.2
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.3
Xcode 12.2macOS Catalina 10.15.4 (Intel-based Mac)
macOS Big Sur 11
(Apple silicon Mac)
iOS 14.2
macOS 11
tvOS 14.2
watchOS 7.1
DriverKit 20
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 9-14.2
iPadOS 13-14.2
macOS 10.9-11
tvOS 9-14.2
watchOS 2-7.1
DriverKit 19-20
iOS 10.3.1-14.2
tvOS 10.2-14.2
watchOS 3.2-7.1
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.3
Xcode 12.1macOS Catalina 10.15.4 (Intel-based Mac)
macOS Big Sur 11
(Apple silicon Mac)
iOS 14.1
macOS 10.15.6
tvOS 14
watchOS 7
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 9-14.1
iPadOS 13-14.1
macOS 10.9-11
tvOS 9-14
watchOS 2-7
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-14.1
tvOS 10.2-14
watchOS 2-7
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.3
Xcode 12macOS Catalina 10.15.4 (Intel-based Mac)
iOS 14
macOS 10.15.6
tvOS 14
watchOS 7
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 9-14
iPadOS 13-14
macOS 10.6-10.15.6
tvOS 9-14
watchOS 2-7
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-14
tvOS 10.2-14
watchOS 3.2-7
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.3
Xcode 11.7macOS Catalina 10.15.2iOS 13.7
macOS 10.15.6
tvOS 13.4
watchOS 6.2
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-13.7
iPadOS 13-13.7
macOS 10.6-10.15.6
tvOS 9-13.4
watchOS 2-6.2
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-13.7
tvOS 10.2-13.4
watchOS 3.2-6.2
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.2
Xcode 11.6macOS Catalina 10.15.2iOS 13.6
macOS 10.15.6
tvOS 13.4
watchOS 6.2
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-13.6
iPadOS 13-13.6
macOS 10.6-10.5.6
tvOS 9-13.4
watchOS 2-6.2
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-13.6
tvOS 10.2-13.4
watchOS 3.2-6.2
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.2
Xcode 11.5macOS Catalina 10.15.2iOS 13.5
macOS 10.15.4
tvOS 13.4
watchOS 6.2
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-13.5
iPadOS 13-13.5
macOS 10.6-10.15.4
tvOS 9-13.4
watchOS 2-6.2
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-13.5
tvOS 10.2-13.4
watchOS 3.2-6.2
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.2
Xcode 11.4.xmacOS Catalina 10.15.2iOS 13.4
macOS 10.15.4
tvOS 13.4
watchOS 6.2
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-13.4.x
iPadOS 13-13.4.x
macOS 10.6-10.15.4
tvOS 9-13.4
watchOS 2-6.2
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-13.4.x
tvOS 10.2-13.4
watchOS 3.2-6.2
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.2
Xcode 11.3.xmacOS Mojave 10.14.4iOS 13.3
macOS 10.15.2
tvOS 13.3
watchOS 6.1.1
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-13.3
iPadOS 13-13.3
macOS 10.6-10.15.2
tvOS 9-13.3
watchOS 2-6.1.1
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-13.3
tvOS 10.2-13.3
watchOS 3.2-6.1.1
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.1
Xcode 11.2.xmacOS Mojave 10.14.4 iOS 13.2
macOS 10.15.1
tvOS 13.2
watchOS 6.1
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-13.2.x
iPadOS 13-13.2.x
macOS 10.6-10.15.1
tvOS 9-13.2
watchOS 2-6.1
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-13.2.x
tvOS 10.2-13.2
watchOS 3.2-6.1
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.1
Xcode 11.1macOS Mojave 10.14.4 iOS 13.1
macOS 10.15
tvOS 13
watchOS 6
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-13.1
iPadOS 13-13.1
macOS 10.6-10.15
tvOS 9-13
watchOS 2-6
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-13.1
tvOS 10.2-13
watchOS 3.2-6
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.1
Xcode 11macOS Mojave 10.14.4iOS 13
macOS 10.15
tvOS 13
watchOS 6
DriverKit 19
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-13
iPadOS 13-13
macOS 10.6-10.15
tvOS 9-13
watchOS 2-6
DriverKit 19
iOS 10.3.1-13
tvOS 10.2-13
watchOS 3.2-6
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5.1
Xcode 10.3macOS Mojave 10.14.3iOS 12.4
macOS 10.14.6
tvOS 12.4
watchOS 5.3
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-12.4
macOS 10.6-10.14.6
tvOS 9-12.4
watchOS 2-5.3
iOS 10.3.1-12.4
tvOS 10.2-12.4
watchOS 3.2-5.3
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5
Xcode 10.2xmacOS Mojave 10.14.3iOS 12.2
macOS 10.14.4
tvOS 12.2
watchOS 5.2
x86_64
armv7
armv7s
armv7k
arm64
arm64e
arm64_32
iOS 8-12.2
macOS 10.6-10.14.4
tvOS 9-12.2
watchOS 2-5.2
iOS 8.1-12.2
tvOS 9-12.2
watchOS 2-5.2
Swift 4
Swift 4.2
Swift 5

Legend

Minimum OS Required: The version of macOS required to install this version of Xcode.

SDK: The version of SDKs included in this version of Xcode.

Architecture: The architectures supported for development by this version of Xcode.

OS: The iOS, iPadOS, macOS, tvOS, and watchOS versions supported by this version of Xcode for developing, installing, and debugging applications.

Simulator: Versions of iOS, tvOS, and watchOS simulators supported for development by this version of Xcode.

Swift: Version of Swift supported for development by this version of Xcode.

Download Xcode From Terminal 2

Providing feedback and reporting bugs

Download Xcode From Terminal 4

Your feedback goes a long way toward making Xcode even better. With Feedback Assistant, you can report issues or request enhancements to APIs and tools. Provide detailed information about issues, including your system and developer tool versions, and any relevant crash logs or console messages. To ask questions and find answers from Apple engineers and other developers, visit the Apple Developer Forums.

Invalid private key and certificate pairing

If you receive an error message saying, 'Xcode could not find a valid private-key/certificate pair for this profile in your keychain,” the Keychain Access application on your Mac is missing either the public or private key for the certificate you’re using to sign your app.

This often happens when you're trying to sign and build your app from a different Mac than the one you originally used to request your code signing certificate. It can also happen if your certificate has expired or has been revoked. Ensure that your app’s provisioning profile contains a valid code signing certificate, and that the Keychain Access application on your Mac contains that certificate, the private key originally used to generate that certificate, and the WWDR Intermediate Certificate.

For instructions on how to resolve this and other code signing errors, review the Code Signing Support page.

Apple security updates

For information on the security content of Xcode updates, visit the Apple security updates page.